Books, Web Sites, and Lesson Plans

Reading List

R.D. Guthrie. 1990,Frozen Fauna of the Mammoth Steppe: The Story of Blue Babe, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 323pp., ISBN 0-226-31122-8.

J. Imbrie and K.P. Imbrie. 1986, Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 224pp., ISBN 0-674-44075-7.

E.C. Pielou. 1991, After the Ice Age: The Return of Life to Glaciated North America, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 366pp., ISBN 0-226-66811-8.

A.J. Sutcliffe. 1985, On the Track of Ice Age Mammals, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 224pp., ISBN 0-674-63777-1.

B. Kurten and E. Anderson. 1980, Pleistocene Mammals of North America, New York: Columbia University Press, 443pp., ISBN 0-231-03733-3.

A. Lester and P. Bahn. 1994, Mammoths, New York: MacMillan, 168pp., ISBN 0-02-572985-3.

Web sites

The online exhibits of the University of California, Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology are extremely good. Definitely check these out.

You should also visit Dino Russ's Lair at the Illinois State Geological Survey.

A very good page on muskoxen ( can be found at the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve site ( produced by the National Park Service.

Lesson Plans

Play the Mammal Adaptation Game to learn how mammals are adapted to their environments and what happens when their environment changes. (pdf) (Elementary school)

Learn how to use the Museum's online FaunMap to discover where species lived in the Ice Ages compared to today. (pdf)(High school)

Learn about adaptations in animals by studying the teeth of mastodons, mammoths, and saber-tooth cats. (pdf)(Middle school)