On the French Frontier 1700-1800
Maps How did they live?

French settlements in Illinois followed traditional European patterns. The homes of farmers and tradesmen were clustered in a central area, and cultivated fields and pasture surrounded the village. The fields were often surrounded by a common fence. Within the fenced area, farmers owned land in long strips that stretched from the river to the bluffs. Long fields minimized the number of times plows and oxen needed to be turned.

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Overview of Cahokia [55k]

Image: David Buisseret, Historic Illinois from the Air, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990; page 37

How did the French get to Illinois? Where did they live? How did they live?

© Illinois State Museum 31-Dec-96