$title="Introduction - Origin and Persistence of Prairie"; include "/local/php/ismsite/midewin/header.php"; ?>
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Edgar Nelson Transeau (1935) first applied the name Prairie Peninsula to the region, but the debate over the origin of the prairie began long before Transeau's time. Shimik (1911) summarized much of the earlier literature and hypotheses for the origin and persistence of the prairie, including various climatic factors, topography, drainage, geological history, soils, seed dispersal, bison, and prairie fires. A weakness of many of the early explanations was the argument for a single factor, and the confusion that existed between the origin of the prairies and the persistence of the prairies.
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