and lampwork were the three main techniques used in creating paperweights. However,
there were several other important techniques employed in constructing the backgrounds
of paperweight designs, and for creating special effects.
Lampworked White Camomile on Latticinio and Red Ground Saint Louis, circa 1845-55
Latticinio was a technique frequently
used to create a background that resembled basketry or lace. Related to latticinio
was filigree, in which white lines similar to those in latticinio were twisted
around clear rods, cut into short pieces, and placed between canes to create
a folded cloth-like appearance.
Turquoise Overlay Mushroom Millefiori Clichy, circa 1845-55
Overlay is a technique that creates a colored
surface on the paperweight, and is then ground away in circular areas to create
windows through which to view the interior design.
Blown Glass Pear
New England Glass Company
Glassmakers created hollow blown paperweights
by using a blowpipe to inflate the molten glass, and tools with which to keep
the shape under control.
Turquoise and White Swirl
Clichy, circa 1845-55
Crowns, Swirls, and Marbries. Swirl designs
on paperweights were formed from straight rods that were placed in a form and
were fused onto a gather of molten glass, which was then twisted. Crown weights
were made in a similar fashion, but the rods were filigree and twisted. Marbrie
weights had surface swirls on a hollow body.
Hand-painted Pinchbeck Unknown factory Circa 1845-55
Pinchbeck is the name of an alloy that
was used to create pictorial scenes on a base, which was then covered with a
dome of clear glass.