||Father Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored the Illinois
||Marquette founded Jesuit mission with Kaskaskia Indians near
||La Salle built Fort Crevecoeur near present-day Peoria.
||Starved Rock mission moved to Peoria area and some French
settlers collected around the mission and the fort.
||Priests of the Seminary of Foreign Missions established a
mission with the Tamaroa Indians at Cahokia.
|Jesuits moved mission from Peoria to the Mississippi Valley,
settling briefly at Des Peres River and then founding the town of
Kaskaskia near the mouth of the Kaskaskia River.
||New Orleans was founded. Governance of Illinois country was
transferred from Canada to New Orleans and assigned to the French
Company of the Indies, a royal-chartered enterprise.
|First Fort de Chartres was built of palisades and center of
French colonial government in Illinois was established there.
||Company of the Indies awarded first land grants to prominent
||Philippe Renaut established an active lead-mining operation on
the west side of the Mississippi and founded St. Philippe.
Louis XV, King of France
||French and Indian allies attacked the Fox Indians who
threatened the French settlements in central Illinois.
||Illinois became a royal province, governed directly by the
||Village of Prairie du Rocher emerged.
||Population pressure in Cahokia led over half the Cahokia
Indians to move ten miles to the North. Chapel was built on Monks
||Ste. Genevieve was established on the west side of the
Mississippi River by settlers from Kaskaskia and Cahokia.
Gate to Fort de Chartres
||Fort de Chartres began to be rebuilt in stone. It was finished
three years later at a cost of 5 million livres.
||Jesuits in Illinois received word that their religious order
had been disbanded by the French crown. They were expelled from
Illinois. Fearing the same persecution, the Seminarian priest at
Cahokia sold the mission there and fled.
|French and Indian War ended. Illinois country ceded to Great
||Settlement of St. Louis began on west side of Mississippi
||British soldiers took over Fort de Chartres and many French
families chose to move to the Spanish (Catholic) controlled area
west of the Mississippi rather than live under English (Protestant)
Clark's arrival in Kaskaskia
||George Rogers Clark and his American troops arrived to claim
the Illinois country, which became a county of Virginia.
||First few American settlers came to the Illinois country.
||Virginia ceded Illinois to the U.S. government.
||As part of the Northwest Territory, Illinois was to be surveyed
and divided into townships, with land set aside for support of
public schools. Slavery was abolished by law, but persisted in the
© Illinois State Museum 31-Dec-96