Jesuit mission at Kaskaskia
- The Roman Catholic Church was a dominant
spiritual and social force. Jesuit priests served Kaskaskia.
Priests of the Seminary of Foreign Missions served Cahokia.
Disputes often arose over religious jurisdictions.
- Priests rarely received their expected salaries
from the government. Jesuits prospered from grants of farm land,
slaves, and tithes from parishioners. Jesuits lived communally in a
house, 120 feet long, and owned a mill and 68 slaves who were
trained as farmers, blacksmiths, carpenters, brewers, and
- Jesuits offered daily instruction for children
with primarily religious lessons. As many as 75% of the settlers
could not read or write.
- Colonists celebrated 27 holidays. Births,
deaths, and marriages also required special religious services and
traditions. Most people were named after saints and celebrated
anniversaries on their saints' days rather than
How do they compare? Native
Americans | French Settlers | African Slaves
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